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義大利托鞋麵包 ciabatta (天然酵母中種法) - 烘焙試試看 - 閱讀夢想之旅

義大利托鞋麵包 ciabatta (天然酵母中種法)


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昨天薔蜜颱風威力猛烈,整日狂風暴雨
只好在家待了一整天,來做個稍微費工一點的東西

前一陣子養了罐蘋果天然酵母
用了幾次後,發現酵母活力愈來愈強
所以,當然要拿來做做歐式麵包囉
第一次嘗試做的是這個-「義大利托鞋麵包」

說到天然酵母,也談談最近這一陣子做麵包的動機
從小就愛吃麵包
尤其每當經過剛出爐的麵包店門口時,總是讓我想進去買
前一陣子剛好心血來潮買了台麵包機
本想可能會只是一時興起
沒想到持續到現在(其實也只有幾個星期啦)
後來又增購了一台小烤箱

自己動手做有比較省嗎?好像也不見得...
既然自己做,用料要好、要健康...
小量採購原料也不見得便宜到哪裡...
不過還是覺得值得啦
自己會做了一些東西之後才發現
原來市面上一些麵包、蛋糕、餅乾之類的
為了口感、賣相...等
不是重油、重糖,就是添加一些有的沒的...
原料來源也很難保證(尤其使用反式脂肪、近日發生的毒奶粉事件...等)

http://lh6.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxswVCj8I/AAAAAAAAEtg/O4P7buqPFqU/s800/R0015936.jpg
右邊是採取新鮮蘋果養的天然酵母種,左邊則是取出汁液餵養麵粉後可直接當作麵包酵種

言歸正傳
說到麵包,最重要的步驟就是發酵
發酵的方法有好幾種,包括直接法、中種法...等
但是不管什麼方法,就是要利用酵母菌的作用
酵母菌其實一直存在大自然中
只是需要方法將它們用到麵粉當中
其實小麥或麵粉本身也存在有,只是單靠麵粉自己發酵要很久
所以大部分的人會去買酵母粉,很容易買(超市就有)
優點是便宜、發酵時間快、容易控制
缺點是少了那麼一點天然的風味
所以,好奇的我就是要試試到底有什麼不同
所以也利用蘋果養了天然酵母菌(參考http://leilako.com/recipes/sourdough/applestarter.htm)
剛開始酵母不太活躍,常常等好久等到耐心都沒了
後來發現使用幾次後漸入佳境
現在可是愈來愈喜歡它們了

說到歐式麵包,其實以前並不是很喜歡
因為從小吃慣了東方型式的麵包--軟、綿、甜、包餡料...
其實吃的都是油、糖、餡而已
像法國麵包或歐式雜糧麵包那種外表硬硬
裡面有嚼勁的那種,覺得很單調難吃
不過現在才發現,細細咀嚼,濃濃pure的麥香味...
才真是讚啊!不過前提是要做得好吃啦...

這是第一次做,又期待又怕受傷害
所以盡量依照高手的配方食譜,修改的不多
(參考「C.D.廚房」http://www.wretch.cc/blog/cdmilk/2789704)

材料
一、種麵團
1.天然蘋果酵母麵糊 100g
2.高筋麵粉 50g
3.糖 10g (原配方用蜂蜜8g)
4.牛奶 30g (原配方用50g)

二、主麵團
1.高筋麵粉 130g
2.鹽 少許(約一小匙)
3.糖 10g (原配方用麥芽糖8g)
4.溫牛奶 40g (原配方用溫水60g)
5.商業酵母粉 1/4小匙
6.橄欖油 15g (也可用蔬菜油或其他液體油)(我多加了一些義式香料粉及少許胡椒提味)

作法:
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前一天攪拌好的種麵團

http://lh6.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxtoED6DI/AAAAAAAAEtw/xwz3aZTANoE/s800/R0016581.jpg
發酵了12個小時後

1.先將種麵團材料攪拌均勻後,以保鮮膜蓋好,室溫發酵6-8小時(我前一天晚上弄,隔一天早上才做麵包,發了約12小時,還好,不要有酸味就好),至少應有2倍大
2.將發酵好之種麵團和主麵團材料一起放入麵包機中攪拌至麵團表面有光澤即可(我用功能10揉麵團功能,待第一次攪拌完成約20分後按停止)

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3.取出麵團,放在盆中蓋上保鮮膜鬆弛30分(這個麵團有點濕,沒關係,只要能成團就好,濕一點反而好操作)

http://lh5.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxuYJflJI/AAAAAAAAEuE/Lb3fDLl2MTI/s800/R0016584.jpg
4.在工作台和手上抹油,將麵團移出至抬上,用手從中間向外推壓拉成約30*30四方形,後鬆弛1-2分鐘

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先3折

http://lh5.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxvXe7yiI/AAAAAAAAEuU/Zzc41R4A4iQ/s800/R0016588.jpg
再3折成正方形

5.折成3折再3折成正方形,蓋上保鮮膜鬆弛30分

http://lh4.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxvg7lVoI/AAAAAAAAEuc/YiUja_cyeM8/s800/R0016590.jpg
6.再次推開、折起成正方形,蓋上保鮮膜鬆弛30分

http://lh3.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxwQ3NbZI/AAAAAAAAEuk/nE02rrypuSY/s800/R0016592.jpg
7.第三次推開、折起,這次只要三折成長方形即可,蓋上保鮮膜,發酵1-1.5小時(約2倍大)

http://lh3.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxwlUEoKI/AAAAAAAAEus/HQtIxhPTr3Q/s800/R0016596.jpg
8.移至烤盤中(最好先鋪烤盤紙)整型,最後發酵40-60分

http://lh3.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxxKS2B7I/AAAAAAAAEu0/zepfK73dOpQ/s800/R0016602.jpg
9.將烤箱以最高溫預熱,並放一盆熱水,使其充滿蒸汽
10.移出熱水,放入烘烤,先以220度C烤約10分
11.轉180度再烤20-25分左右
12.過程中約每2-3分鐘打開烤箱,朝烤箱內壁噴水,使其不斷產生水氣

http://lh5.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxx1VpYyI/AAAAAAAAEu8/Fth3gatl5g4/s800/R0016605.jpg
麵包出爐,移至網架上放涼

http://lh3.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxysPUvaI/AAAAAAAAEvE/EZmaseqk5HA/s800/R0016611.jpg
切開來,有漂亮的氣孔

http://lh4.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBxzdyqaGI/AAAAAAAAEvU/F6aTV7OPcvQ/s800/R0016615.jpg
我們家人口少,先切一半冰起來慢慢吃

http://lh4.ggpht.com/dmreader8/SOBx0BrbZAI/AAAAAAAAEvc/_rK98O2TxEA/s800/R0016625.jpg

這個麵包的口感是,外表脆口,裡面軟Q
保濕性也不錯
類似外面買的法國麵包
很香很香,不過不是那種奶油香
而是自然的麥香,不會膩的那種
口感味道真的是很讚.....
剛出爐時好吃是沒話講啦
下次切個兩片塗個蒜味奶油烤過一定更棒~~

附記:
1.這個麵團濕一點比較好推開,所以我應該可以再多加10g的牛奶(或水),工作台及手上抹些油就不會太黏
2.我的便宜小烤箱不是專業那種,所以受熱並不是很均勻,必須看情形有時將烤盤轉向,或是用錫箔紙將烤得較快的地方蓋一下

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小可愛全臺灣外送服務賴94530909 [ 2018-07-29 02:55 網址 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
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小可愛全臺灣外送服務賴94530909 [ 2018-07-29 02:54 網址 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
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大台灣最夯小海豚叫小姐+賴:3p28 [ 2018-07-07 00:23 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
大台灣最夯小海豚叫小姐+賴:3p28

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小三外送茶 [ 2018-05-20 14:57 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
台灣本土兼職
LINE:ggyy263
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小豆芽加小姐+賴OK699 [ 回復於2018-07-19 02:38 網址 | 編輯/刪除 ]
小豆芽加小姐+賴OK699

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小三外送茶 [ 2018-05-20 14:57 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
小三台灣最夯禦茶園
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LINE:1638221
歡迎加入我們小三茶園將細心幫哥哥挑選每一位心怡的正妹

《小三慾茶園》各類妹妹任君挑選 期待相遇

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援交叫小姐台灣外約+賴:1314008 援交叫小姐台灣外約+賴:1314008 援交叫小姐台灣外約+賴:1314008

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+LINE:day588+台/北/外/送/茶/莊 [ 2018-03-17 22:58 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
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【要兼職找我唷~未滿18歲未成年禁止加入】



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【要兼職找我唷~未滿18歲未成年禁止加入】



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+LINE:day588+台/北/外/送/茶/莊 [ 2018-03-17 22:55 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
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【要兼職找我唷~未滿18歲未成年禁止加入】



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+LINE:day588+台/北/外/送/茶/莊 [ 2018-03-17 22:54 | 回覆 | 編輯/刪除 ]
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【要兼職找我唷~未滿18歲未成年禁止加入】


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